2016考研英语二阅读真题及答案已发布

2022年 12月 9日 作者 gong2022 0


Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Part A

Directions:Read the following four texts. Answer the questions after eachtext by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40points)

 Text 1

It’s true that high-school coding classes aren’t essential for learningcomputer science in college. Students without experience can catch up after afew introductory courses, said Tom Cortina, the assistant dean at CarnegieMellon’s School of Computer Science.

However, Cortina said, early exposure is beneficial. When younger kidslearn computer science, they learn that it’s not just a confusing, endlessstring of letters and numbers — but a tool to build apps, or create artwork, ortest hypotheses. It’s not as hard for them to transform their thought processesas it is for older students. Breaking down problems into bite-sized chunks andusing code to solve them becomes normal. Giving more children this trainingcould increase the number of people interested in the field and help fill thejobs gap, Cortina said.

Students also benefit from learning something about coding before they getto college, where introductory computer-science classes are packed to the brim,which can drive the less-experienced or-determined students away.

The Flatiron School, where people pay to learn programming, started as oneof the many coding bootcamps that’s become popular for adults looking for acareer change. The high-schoolers get the same curriculum, but “we try to gearlessons toward things they’re interested in,” said Victoria Friedman, aninstructor. For instance, one of the apps the students are developing suggestsmovies based on your mood.

The students in the Flatiron class probably won’t drop out of high schooland build the next Facebook. Programming languages have a quick turnover, so the“Ruby on Rails” language they learned may not even be relevant by the time theyenter the job market. But the skills they learn — how to think logically througha problem and

organize the results — apply to any coding language, said Deborah Seehorn,an education consultant for the state of North Carolina.

Indeed, the Flatiron students might not go into IT at all. But creating afuture army of coders is not the sole purpose of the classes. These kids aregoing to be surrounded by computers — in their

pockets, in their offices, intheir homes — for the rest of their lives. The younger they learn how computersthink, how to coax the machine into producing what they want — the earlier theylearn that they have the power to do that — the better.

21. Cortina holds that early exposure to computer science makes it easierto____.

A. complete future job training

B. remodel the way of thinking

C. formulate logical hypotheses

D. perfect artwork production

22. In delivering lessons for high-schoolers, Flatiron has consideredtheir____.

A. experience

B. academic backgrounds

C. career prospects

D. interest

23. Deborah Seehorn believes that the skills learned at Flatironwill____.

A. help students learn other computer languages

B. have to be upgraded when new technologies come

C. need improving when students look for jobs

D. enable students to make big quick money

24. According to the last paragraph, Flatiron students are expectedto____.

A. compete with a future army of programmers

B. stay longer in the information technology industry

C. become better prepared for the digitalized world

D. bring forth innovative computer technologies

25. The word “coax” (Line4, Para.6) is closest in meaning to____.

A. challenge

B. persuade

C. frighten

D. misguide

 【参考答案】:

21、[B]remodel the way of thinking

根据题干Cortina定位在第二段。典型的欲扬先抑,首段说coding classs不重要arent essential,第二段引出中心Cortina认为较早的接触电脑是有益的beneficial,紧接着具体说明好处在于,他们就学习了电脑知识就懂得如何去开发手机应用程序,创作艺术,或者验证假设。答案关键句在于第三句的比较:It’snot as hard for them to transform their thought processes as it is for olderstudents.对于他们来说与大孩子相比,改变思维并不难。综上所述,[B]remodel the way of thinking是对原文“transformtheir thought”的同义改写。对比处为命题点。

22、[D] interest

根据题干“in delivering lessons for high-schoolers”、“Flatiron”,定位到第四段。其中deliver是gear的同义改写。Lesson是curriculum的同义改写。The high-schoolers get thesame curriculum, but “we try to gear lessons toward things they’re interestedin”(高中生们上同样的课程,但是“我们力图以他们的兴趣来调整课程”),说明该校开设课程是主要考虑到“学生的兴趣”,故选[B] interest。

23、[A] help students learn other computer languages

根据Deborah Seehorn 定位到文章第五段最后一句But the skills they learn —….. — apply toany codinglanguage,。他们所学的技能……可以应用到任何编码语言中去。选项[A]help首先体现了文章主体感情色彩beneficial,computerlanguages对应 coding language。

24、[C] become better prepared for the digitalized world

根据题干关键词“the lastparagraph”回文定位在最后一段。最后一段第一句指出Flatiron的学生不会全都进入IT界。因此马上可以排除A. compete with afuture army of programmers和B. stay longer in the information technologyindustry(都在谈IT行业)第三句进一步指出这些学生将会一生“被电脑包围”(对应the digitalizedworld),第四句继续表明态度,越早学习电脑思维方式越好(且又一次进行比较the earlier the better),[C] become betterprepared for the digitalized world是对上述内容的概况总结。

25、[B] persuade

根据题干关键信息“coax”(Line 4, Para.6),定位到最后一段第四行how to coax the machine intoproducing what theywant本文通篇态度明确,对电脑级相关知识都是强烈的正面态度,只有A选项(“劝说,劝诱”)带入后符合中心思想:其他选项;[B]frighten“吓唬,使惊吓”[C] misguide“误导”,都是明显负面感情色彩,故排除;[D]challenge“挑战”,即“挑战电脑去生产他们想要的”,与A比较后顺利排除。